Islam and Natural Resources Management

Islam is religion of harmony, Islam is not religion of violence or basis of harm. a muslim shall learn from local practices and praxis to fulfil a khalifah obligation and make Islam as a way to achieve sustainable world as before, because some local practice in Indonesia has been exist before Islam was coming to certain area.

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Lawik sati rantau batuah (ocean has fortune, land has sacredness) is a proverb that reflects how tribal community in Minangkabau perceive the nature. It has cultural and religious meaning that united a paradigm of life. Two contradictive mainstreams are transcendental representing Islamic value and naturalistic representing cultural value lives in harmony and balance. This mutual accommodation had completed each other that produce certain Islamic practices. It also enriches the Islamic pluralism that admits various interpretation and understanding.
A case study conducted in Sungai Pisang village that people continues the tradition of tolak bala, turun kalangan, balimau to sacralize nature and human relationship. This condition significantly influences community perspective and the sustainability of nature through Community based natural resources management that refers to Islamic understanding. A cross-culture communication study had implemented in this research to explore the articulation of Islamic value toward sustainability of natural resources in frame of cultural diversity. A dialog between two different poles processes human and nature relationship to be a unique dialectic that meets in interest of sustainability. The continuity of process draws community characteristics that appear in social behavior, perspective, and process of decision-making. This research used purposive sample technique.
The research results showed the religious practice that is broken down from Islamic values could not separate from natural resources management practices and praxis. The culture-religious practices orient to face nature uncertainty has an influence to communality of community. Sustainability of natural resources depends on the capacity of community to sustain their culture-religious-ecological practices and praxis.

Keyword:    Islamic values, Minangkabau, cultural, religious practices, Sustainability of natural resources management
Author: Realino Nurza (Google+)
Institutional affiliation: Institute for Religion and Sustainable Development

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